How To Refinish Hardwood Floors Step By Step

Hardwood floors are such an attractive feature to have in homes, that people spend fortunes on homes when purchasing them to get these elegant looking floors. People will also often spend a fortune having these floors put in. This is a popular option because it is the best option for people with allergies and often the most aesthetically pleasing option. However, this is a delicate flooring option that needs proper care in order to stay in great shape. By not taking the proper precautions with this flooring, you will damage it and this can be a very costly fix. So, how to refinish your hardwood floors DIY?

Properly Cleaning Your Flooring:

One of the biggest reasons for needing to refinish your flooring is because you do not clean it properly. You need to be very careful with the products that you use to protect the surface of your hardwood floor. When choosing a broom and dustpan, you will want options that have softer bristles and dustpans that have rubberized edging. This will prevent your floor from getting scratched up when sweeping. If you find sweeping the floor to be too physically demanding for you, you can also choose to vacuum your hardwood floor.

When you choose the best vacuum for your hardwood especially if you have carpets and pets, you will need to look for options that are specifically meant for this purpose. Traditional carpet vacuums have thicker bristles that can very easily scratch up the surface of your floor. These vacuums also have plastic wheels that will also damage the surface of your hardwood floor.

how to refinish hardwood floors

If you pick an option that does not explicitly say “for hardwood floors”, make sure that you pick an item that can be used on bare floors, as they often have a button that switches between the two surfaces and may not be as likely to scratch up your floor. Even still, you will run the risk of damaging your floor whenever you purchase an option that is not made for the hardwood floor, so you would be best to choose a hardwood floor vacuum.

An option like the BISSELL PowerEdge Pet Hard Floor Corded Vacuum, 81L2A is perfect because it was made for hardwood flooring. It has powerful suction, as it was also made to pick up stubborn pet hair, but is made with rubber wipers rather than bristles to help glide smoothly along the hardwood floor with ease. This vacuum is very easy to move around the floor and has a swivel head that can maneuver easily around furniture. It has a unique shape to it that helps collect the dust and debris into the center, similar to the way a broom and dustpan work. The ends also have suction to allow the dirt and dust to be collected if they cannot make it into the center area.

After you get all of that dust and dirt off of the ground, you will next clean using a mop and cleaner. First of all, you want to choose a cleaner that is made for use on hardwood floors or ones that are safe for hardwood floors. You will want to stay away from any wax-based or oil-based cleaner, as well as cleaners that are made with ammonia. It can be tempting to use a homemade floor detergent, but you need to be careful of what you use for that. Any homemade item that is made with vinegar will be too rough on your hardwood floor.

Wax and oil-based cleaners can make your floor slippery and greasy while ones made with chemicals like ammonia or with vinegar can damage your floor’s finish. You will also need to pay attention to the type of mop that you use. A sponge mop, or a mop with microfiber pads, is generally the best option. String mops just end up rewashing your floor with dirty water, which defeats the purpose of this task while also leaving too much water behind on the surface of the floor. This excess water can damage your finish and also warp the wood floorboards.

Floor Damage:

There are many other things that can cause damage to your floor. Shoes are a huge culprit for damaging floors. Spiky, high heels and even older shoes can scratch up the surface of the wood flooring. It is best to leave all of your shoes at the door before walking on the hardwood floor. Another common way that floors become damaged is by not properly caring for your pet’s nails. If they become too long or are too jagged, they will tear up your floor. It is important to make sure that your pets are properly groomed to prevent this.

Floor damage is preventable. By preventing this damage, you can save yourself the hassles and costs of refinishing your floor. But if your floor is damaged, you will want to consider your options for refinishing your floor. Otherwise, your hardwood floor will no longer look like the beautiful flooring that you previously had.

Here are the steps by steps a professional will go through in order to refinish your floor:

This tells the professional what actually needs to be done to the floor. Often times the scratches are superficial, and have only damaged the clear top coat of the hardwood flooring. If this is the case for you, they will only need to reapply this top coat. This is a relatively inexpensive and easy fix. If after this process, referred to as “screening”, finds that the scratches are more than just superficial ones, they will move onto the next step.

Sand and Finish:

This will involve sanding down entirely to the bare wood. Before even sanding the floor, the professional will need to be sure that the floor is thick enough to complete this process. If there is enough solid wood to complete this job, they will begin the sanding process. After this is completed, they will next fill in any cracks or holes. Once this has been completed, the professional will move onto finishing your floor.

While you have the option of leaving the floor in this natural state, people often choose to follow up with the stain instead. This process usually requires several coats, including sanding in between coats. There are different choices for coats. You will have the option of water-based coats, which lack the strong odor and are eco-friendly but are not the most durable option.

The polyurethane finishes are the options that are typically used. These are the best options if you are looking to stain a high traffic area or if you are staining floors in kitchens. This is a very durable option. The final option is the acid-cured finish. This option dries fast, allowing for more than one coat to be applied in a single day. This option is probably the most durable stain; however, it does come with a big downside. Some brands of this stain produce very dangerous fumes that will require you to not be home, turn off your pilot light and not turn on any light switch.

The DYI’er:

The DYI’er will need to rent out a buffer to complete this task. This can be very difficult because if an oil or waxed-based soap was used to clean the floor, the buffer will not do its job properly. If the finish does not take, that means you need to thoroughly clean the wood floor before you can even begin this process. It would be wise to try out a location that no one will notice. If the stain stays, you can continue along with the rest of the flooring. If not, you will need to find a special commercial hardwood cleaner that will help remove this residue in order successfully stain the flooring.

After this, you will use a drum sander in order to sand the entire floor. This is similar to a lawnmower, as you walk behind it and guide it evenly along the flooring. You will need to sand with progressively more fine grits each time you go over the flooring. This is a complicated piece of equipment to use, as it will destroy your floor if you let it linger too long in one location. You need to keep it moving. After this, you will move onto an orbital sander, a smaller item that will remove the finish and get into locations that the much larger drum sander could not get to.

Your best choice for stain is to choose a polyurethane stain in the color of your liking. This is the easiest one to apply, and the stronger of the two viable options. The other option for the DYI’er is the water-based, which is not really a great choice for most homes.

Before you even get started on this process, you will need to block off all doors to areas where you will not be working in order to lessen the cleanup. The dust will get everywhere that is not covered. You will absolutely need a strong dust mask to protect yourself from the dust and the fumes. After buffing the floor, you should patch up any locations that need it by using wood filler. After the sanding portion of this, you will want to be sure that you vacuum up the dust to make sure that you get a nice smooth coating of stain on your floor. It would be terrible to go through this process only to make it look bad by staining over the excess dust.

Just remember that this is a difficult task and can be very unforgiving if you make any mistakes at all. Then you will end up paying more money to fix your mistakes or end up paying a professional after all to fix your errors. You can even severely damage your floor, especially if you do not use the drum sander properly. It is best to get it done right the first time.

It is a costly task to refinish a floor, and it can take a lot of time. If you do need to refinish your floor, you should consider using a professional to save yourself money in the long run. Mistakes can easily be made doing this yourself, and wood floors will show off every mistake that you have made. Even more than that, floor damage is very easily prevented so that you can avoid the need for refinishing your floor entirely. Be sure to put area carpets, runners, or mats in any high traffic location to help protect your flooring. It is also very important to remember to only use cleaning items that were made for hardwood floors, like vacuums. By remembering this step of how to refinishing your hardwood floors, you can save yourself the trouble of refinishing your floor.

Cleaning Tile Floors With Baking Soda And Peroxide

Over 10 years I have always used baking soda and peroxide for cleaning tile floors and grout in the spray bottle with some warm water and a scrub brush and it works wonders! Spray it and scrub it. It gets the grout very clean, the white will be very very white.

To clean icky grout, pour hydrogen peroxide on grout, and watch it bubble. After about ten minutes all the gunk will be loosened and will wipe away. And you don’t have to be exposed to fumes or irritating and highly toxic chemicals. You can also use vinegar and baking soda, but this is easier.

In this video will help you clean tile floors safely and easily with baking soda and peroxide. Remove stains and freshen floors with tips from a professional contractor in this free video on cleaning tile floors with baking soda and peroxide.

Here are hydrogen peroxide and baking soda for cleaning grout, tile guides:

I used baking soda, hydrogen peroxide, and generic dish soap.

Add baking soda to a jar

I first poured ½ cup of baking soda or as our British cousins call it soda bi-carb into a glass jar.

Add hydrogen peroxide. Then, I poured in the ¼ cup of H2O2. Add dish soap.

I added 1 teaspoon of dish soap. You can use an eco brand if you want, but any brand works fine.

Mix it up:

I mixed my concoction with a spoon, but I probably could also have shaken the jar. Now, here’s my grimy grout and tile corner!

Watch how completely it cleans everything!

Magic, right? And it stores really well, too. Major plus!

Another here are two cleaners that you can make yourself and use to clean your tiles and grout.

Caution: Make sure to clean the spray bottle you use for these solutions thoroughly before mixing these recipes. And try to create as much ventilation when using bleach as possible.

Tile Cleaner:


  • 1 part chlorine bleach
  • 1 part water
  • 1 quart spray bottle
  • rubber gloves


Add equal parts of chlorine bleach and water to your spray bottle. Using rubber gloves, spray this solution on your tiles and wipe it off with a sponge. If there is a lot of built up you may need to let the solution sit for about 10 minutes before wiping it off.

Tile Grout Cleaner:


  • 3/4 cup chlorine bleach
  • 3 cups water
  • 1 quart spray bottle
  • rubber gloves
  • tooth brush


Mix the the chlorine bleach and water in the spray bottle. Then spray it on the grout and wipe off with a sponge. If the grout is especially dirty you may need to spray liberally and let it sit for about 10 minutes and you may even need to break out an old tooth brush if it still doesn’t come off easily.

Tip: If you clean your tiles regularly with the Tile Cleaner solution you won’t have to use the Tile Grout Cleaner solution very often.

Nothing beats a broom for getting into corners and crevices. Sweep the floor in sections, creating piles as you go. Get out your vacuum and put it on the bare-floor setting to lift its beater bar, which can dull and scratch the tile. Vacuum up the piles, and then run the appliance over the entirety of the floor like you would carpet. Use attachments on stubborn debris in grout lines. This combination of sweeping and vacuuming removes the most dirt and dust bunnies.

I use a vacuum cleaner on my tile floors before mopping, I have a dog who sheds and I live in a pretty dusty area but I did use to just use a broom and mop before living where I am. Depends on how dusty your house gets.

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